FORCE ENCOUNTERS ANALYSIS: Understanding Human Performance in Critical Incidents



Increased attacks on law enforcement, community-police relations, terrorism, violent extremism, advancing technology, police reform, de-escalation, increased calls for service outside of the traditional norms of law enforcement’s duties – these are just a few of the challenges our profession has had to contend with in recent years.

Law enforcement is currently facing the most challenging time in policing history, where the actions of the entire profession are being called into question. We find ourselves having to defend our policies and practices, as well as the actions of our fellow officers.


Force Encounters Analysis will help good officers set out on a safer path to success. Our course curriculum is a valuable resource for officers, agencies, and even community leaders. We go far beyond mere evidence-based training to true, university-level human performance education, derived from 100+ years of science and research.

CTI coursework provides a gateway to opportunities for law enforcement professionals to expand their capabilities in decreasing agency liability through pre-incident risk management and post-incident forensic findings. You can expect tangible results such as:
• enhanced officer safety,
• increased decision-making skills under pressure,
• and unbiased force investigations.
Our training has been directly credited with saving officer lives on the street and preventing officers from being unjustly convicted of criminal excessive use of force.

Force Encounters Analysis is a practical and understandable science class, based on unbiased scientific evidence pertaining to officer involved use of force. Our primary goal is to assist LE professionals in applying ground-breaking concepts revealed in human performance research when engaging in force encounters, AND when investigating, reconstructing, recalling or otherwise analyzing a UOF incident.

 How human performance science applies under the Graham Standard of reasonableness.
 Critical incident stress and how to overcome the deficits on performance.
 Decision-making – the types (analytical/recognition-primed), implicit bias, and how to mitigate error.
 Why perceptual distortions & stress may create differences between human memory & forensic evidence.
 Threat perception and an officer’s ability to respond in starting/stopping an action.
 The bio-mechanics of human movement during an OIS and the ramifications on ballistic impact locations.
 Body cameras as forensic evidence – best practices, potential problems, and evidence-based recommendations.
 Closing the gap between public perception & the truth about UoF issues.
 Introduction to CTI’s Media Kit, which assists agencies in “getting out in front” of a critical use of force incident.
 A centered discussion on the myth of the 21 foot ‘rule’, the PERF report, recent case law, and more…

Who Should Attend:
Sworn Officers Executives & Supervisors Force Investigators Police Psychologists City Attorneys Internal Affairs Military UOF Trainers OIS Inv. Teams
Citizen Oversight Critical Incident Teams Homicide Detectives

Leading Human Factors Expert Craig E. Geis, (LTC US Army, ret.) MBA, MA, is Co-Founder and Director of Curriculum Development and Training at California Training Institute. Craig has an extensive background in error and risk management and is a Certified Force Science Analyst. As a career Army pilot, he developed the military’s Crew Resource Management (CRM) training program to address human error. LTC. Geis was the US Army’s Lead Safety Specialist in Aviation Human Factors and a former psychology instructor at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, as well as the former Director of Evaluation for The Army Organizational Effectiveness School and Center (OECS). Craig has served as an Associate Professor at the USC, providing instruction in courses on Safety Management and Human Factors. He has held instructor positions at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, U. of Maryland, and USF. He Craig holds an M.A. in Psychology from Austin Peay State University, a B.A. in Management from C.W. Post College in New York, and an MBA in Management from Georgia Southern College.

Certified Force Science Analyst, Blair Alexander, (Colonel US Army Ret.), M.B.A, is currently an Inspector with the Alameda County District Attorney’s Office. Blair retired as a Lieutenant from Oakland PD (CA), where he served for over 20 years, holding positions as SWAT Tactical Commander & Entry Operator, Patrol Watch Commander & Supervisor, Violence Suppression Unit Commander, Internal Affairs Officer-Involved Shooting Investigator, Field Training Officer, and Departmental Range Master. Blair also retired as a Colonel (Infantry) from the US Army with 30 years of combined active & reserve service, including a deployment to Iraq as a member of the Civilian Police Assistance Training Team. He is a graduate of the US Military Academy at West Point, NY (BS – 81), Santa Clara University in CA (MBA – 92), and the US Army War College in PA (Masters of Strategic Studies – 05).

More Instructor Bios available at

  • Date: 02/20/2018
  • Address: 211 West 6th Avenue Kennewick, WA  99336
  • Cost: $425
  • Website:
  • Contact Person: Kathleen McCarthy
  • Contact E-mail:
  • Contact Phone: 7079685109
  • Topics: Officer Survival, Officer Involved Shooting, Body Worn Cameras, Media Relations, Citizen Academies,

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